Queen Elizabeth Platinum Jubilee 2022 live updates: First Lady Jill Biden sends personal message to Queen Elizabeth

A jubilee celebrates a milestone in the life and reign of a monarch.

In her 70 years on the throne, the longest reign in British history, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated five jubilees before this one, her Platinum Jubilee.

In 1977 the Queen celebrated her Silver Jubilee, marking 25 years on the throne. She and her husband, the late Prince Philip, marked the occasion by traveling tens of thousands of miles across the UK and Commonwealth on jubilee tours.

Fifteen years later, in 1992, Elizabeth celebrated her Ruby Jubilee, marking her 40th anniversary as monarch. She did not hold any public jubilee events that year, which she later described in a speech as “Annus Horribilis” or “Horrible Year”, due to a fire at Windsor Castle and the end of the marriages of three of his children.

In 2002, Elizabeth celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking 50 years on the throne. The Queen and Philip once again traveled across the UK and Commonwealth for a celebration that culminated in a concert at Buckingham Palace.

In 2012, the Queen marked her Diamond Jubilee with a boat show on the Thames. The show featured hundreds of boats and around 1 million people watching along the river.

In 2017, the Queen celebrated her Sapphire Jubilee, marking 65 years on the throne, the first time a British monarch has celebrated a 65-year reign. A series of royal cannon shots commemorated the anniversary across London.

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